The Great Theatre Pipe Organ of the Arlington is a 1928 Robert-Morton "Wonder Morton". Although Robert-Morton of Van Nuys, CA, made over 6000 organs before they went out of business in 1931, only 5 Wonder Mortons were made. The Great Theatre Pipe Organ of the Arlington was originally installed in Loews Jersey City and was 24 ranks. It was damaged while being removed by wreckers in 1977, stored for 10 years in a Dallas. Texas, warehouse, brought to Santa Barbara in 1986, and lovingly restored to as-new condition by the Santa Barbara Theatre Organ Society (SBTOS). To accomplish this transformation, SBTOS volunteers labored over 37000 hours guided by master organ builders Stephen Leslie and Roger Inkpen of Newton Pipe Organ Services. Our first concert was 1 October 1988 featuring Tom Hazleton who did a magnificent job with the 18 ranks then up and running.
The organ now has 27 ranks (about 2000 pipes) with each rank producing a different type of orchestral sound (clarinet, trumpet, violin, saxophone, tuba, flute, etc.). There are also seven tuned percussions (marimba, glockenspiel, xylophone, chrysoglott, vibraphone, piano, and chimes) as well as drums, bells, horns, horse hoofs, surf, wind, wood block and other special effect sounds. The chest and wiring for the 28th rank (a quintadena) are in place but we haven't located suitable pipes yet.
If you are
an SBTOS member, and would like to know more about the Great Theatre
Organ of the Arlington, come to a work session, and we'll give you a
tour. Be sure to first call our hotline at 805-685-9891 or email
us at email@example.com to get our schedule as our work
do not take place on a fixed schedule.
You can also attend
our open console sessions to tour, hear, or play the Great Theatre Pipe
Organ of the Arlington. Open
console dates are posted on both our hotline (805-685-9891) and on our
website (where you are now).
at the console.
The organ is played on some Friday and Saturday evenings during the 7 PM movie intermission. On some other evenings, one of our volunteers uses past organ performance recordings in an exact computer playback using the organ pipes just as the selection was originally played.
After most concerts, we open the back door to Main Chamber II and let people look inside. Some people ask "where are the loudspeakers?" There are no loudspeakers or amplified sound in the Great Theatre Pipe Organ of the Arlington. All sound is produced by organ pipes (whistles and horns) and real tuned and untuned percussion instruments. Five tuned percussions were made by Deagan in 1928 (marimba, glockenspiel, xylophone, chrysoglott, chimes), the vibraphone by Wurlitzer, and the upright grand piano by Baldwin.
The Great Theatre Pipe Organ of the Arlington:
The Great Theatre Pipe Organ of the Arlington is a marvelous machine constructed of wood, leather and metal. It was built in 1928 and has thousands of moving parts (about 7000). Sound is made with combinations of organ pipes and regular band instruments, all operated by "wind" supplied from a four stage wind turbine driven by a 25 horsepower electric motor located at the front of the theatre (closest to State Street). The main wind line is a sheet metal pipe that is 22 inches in diameter and 435 feet long that runs above the theatre's ceiling.
Steven Ball says it best: "Like an orchestra, the theatre pipe organ is a remarkable palate of sound. Unlike its orchestral counterpart, however, it is at the instant disposal and complete will of a single performer - an inextricable, and even exotic marriage of technology, music, theatre, and art. It is the presentation of a single individual as conductor, arranger, accompanist, soloist, and magician - an entity capable of almost supernatural powers of appearance and disappearance as well as the ability to exercise absolute control over the most powerful and universal human language: Music. Therein lies the magic of this great art."
The Arlington's "Wonder-Morton" organ offers this remarkable musical palate through its 27 ranks of wind-blown pipes and many percussion instruments. Although the various ranks have orchestral equivalents, an important distinction should be made.
An orchestral flute is a small hand-held instrument, capable of playing a single-line melody. Two-part harmony requires the services of two flutes and two flutists higher pitched notes require a piccolo or fife. That's what made orchestras too expensive for most silent movie houses. A single Theatre pipe organist can emulate the sounds of a full orchestra.
The flute rank in the Arlington organ has 85 individual pipes spanning 7 octaves. Each pipe plays a single note. The largest pipe is over eight feet long and a foot square. The smallest is the size of a pencil eraser. An organist can play the pipes in any sequence to form a melody, or combine any number of notes into complicated chords and harmonies spanning a full seven octaves. The organist's skill combines sounds from different ranks into ensembles.
Organ chambers, located behind the balconies on both sides of the theatre, are jam-packed with 2000 pipes and dozens of sound effects; all remotely-controlled electrically by the person who sits center-stage at the organ console. The pipes speak directly into the theatre, through the sonically transparent walls of the chambers. The organ volume is controlled by 81 'swell shades' which can selectively seal off the organ chamber sound from the theatre by opening or closing one at a time in response to organists operation of the swell pedal on the organ.
The Great Theatre
Organ of the Arlington is what's called an "electro-pneumatic
The pipes and other instruments are all pneumatically operated (air
via electrically controlled air valves. All communication between
the center-stage console and chambers is electrical. No sound is
generated in the console; it contains electrical contacts under each
and stop tab. The stop tabs are the colored tablets above and
the keyboards. The stop tabs allow the organist to select which
ranks will play on which keyboard at what pitch. There are 420
tabs and they can all be automatically changed to preprogrammed
under the organist's control via the "pistons", the small white buttons
on the face of the keyboards. If all the wire in all the cables
interconnect the various organ parts were stretched out as a single
it would be over 780 miles long. There are over 18000 electrical
connections in the organ.
There were five Wonder Morton's built. They were originally installed in the following Loews Theatres: Valencia (Queens), Kings (Brooklyn), Paradise (Bronx), 175th (Manhattan), and Jersey City. The SBTOS Wonder Morton came from the Loews Jersey City Theatre.
The Garden State Theatre Organ Society (GSTOS) is restoring and installing the Paradise Theatre Wonder Morton back into Loews Jersey City. See their website at: http://www.gstos.org/wonder.htm. So far, GSTOS has spent about 18000 volunteer hours in this endeavor and they have a ways to go. For comparison, SBTOS spent about 37000 volunteer hours rebuilding, refurbishing, rewiring, and installing the Wonder Morton in the Arlington (The Great Theatre Pipe Organ of the Arlington).
Jerrell Kautz has a web page featuring the Great Theatre Pipe Organ of the Arlington after installation in 1988. The console is shown before the backrail was expanded and quarter rails added (the third tier of stops). See: http://theatreorgans.com/arlngtn.htm
Organ Society (ATOS) web site is at: http://www.atos.org
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